Main Requirements for ResearchÂ Papers in the USA Universities
Requirements for researchÂ papers theÂ USA universities are complex, and research papers definitely fall into the category of being really complex. If you want to know in advance whatâs youâre going to be faced with, stay tuned to see some of the main points that you need to know before you try to tackle a term paper.
1. Thorough Research
First and foremost, youâre required to investigate and do thorough research. If you want to score a higher grade, you have to go a lot deeper than scrolling through the first page of your search on the Internet. Youâre going to be challenged to find information that goes beyond the obvious, and of course, properly cite all of your sources and references in the end. Donât rely just on the internet, and hit the library. Thereâs no term paper without research, and if you donât do any, youâre not going to get a chance to present your work at all.
Whether youâre a student in the UK or USA, youâre either way going have to find a way to combine together all the information you have gathered, and unify all the points into an exciting presentation. Your term paper, in essence, should be a well-presented synthesis of all the information you gathered. This could be a quite a hefty task, but the way you combine it and unify it is actually going to influence your grade the most.
Besides being able to unify all of the information and present it properly, another major part of all research papers requires providing a critical analysis off all the information found, examining evidence, its validity, giving logical continuity and finding flaws in the logic itself. Always provide graphs and equations, and illustrations of your analysis if you are able to. Try to illustrate your path of logic and how you derived your conclusion. Your analysis should be convincing and backed up by hard evidence to show that you have a point and that youâve covered all of your bases.
4. Clear Presentation
Your professor will be thrilled with your term paper if you find a way to clarify the information you have gathered, and present it in a way thatâs clear to any reader. No professor wantâs to read a term paper thatâs too complex and difficult, where youâre using terminology you yourself donât understand. The better you are able to explain your point, in a clear manner, the higher your grade will be. You donât have to use language you donât know and understand in order to ace the research papers. You just have to be really clear about what you are saying, and show understanding of the topic through your language. If the reader or hearer understands you and follows your work, then youâre good to go.
5. Have a Stand
Term paper isnât an academic assignment thatâs just there to make your student life miserable. In fact, it can be a great opportunity to show your opinion, take a stand and academically show your perspective through your work. Every term paper has to have a point, and in order to be outstanding, you need to find a perspective, pick a side, and prove your arguments. Otherwise, it wonât be a term paper but ordinary homework essay.
6. Proper Outline
In terms of structure, each term paper has to have a cover, abstract and table of contents. You canât just submit your writing without formatting and styling it properly. The cover page is going to consist of the term paper title, your name, the name of your instructor, your course number, date and similar basic information. Table of contents should be a pagination of the entire document.
7. Overview and Introduction
Every academic assignment requires an introduction, instead of bluntly starting on your topic and research. Introduce the topic of your term paper, and provide an overview of not just the problem youâre discussing but also your personal inspiration and motivation for choosing this particular topic.
8. List of References
At the end of your term paper, youâre obliged to provide a complete list of all your sources and references, in the appropriate format. This goes along with providing the proper citations in the text. Make sure to create this list according to the style your professor asked.
Overall, research papers can have a lot of requirements and details you need to pay attention to. Although they can differ from subject to teacher, from university to countries, most of them have the basic requirements each student has to follow. Weâre hoping that our little guide helped you, because these truly are the main requirements each UK and US student should focus on when crafting their next term paper.
How toÂ Write an Excellent Research Paper?
Research paper writing is probably one of the hardest papers to write if you want top marks, plus as you rise up through your education they seem to get harder. They are more difficult than a dissertation because you get plenty of time for your dissertation and you can explore as many avenues as you wish and flesh them out accordingly.
With a research paper, you are supposed to take the research you have done, demonstrate your understanding, and then discuss it. There are so many ways you can go wrong it is frightening. Again, if you are just looking to pass, then a research paper is no more difficult than an argumentative paper or term essay, but if you are looking for top marks then a research paper is a permanent headache.
Choose your topic
This is burningly difficult because your topic sets the course for your paper. Think of what would happen if you chose a topic that there was simply no information about. Imagine if you picked a topic that no conclusive evidence had ever been found for, such as if aliens are able to travel fast enough to visit us in their own lifetimes.
Consider doing a lot of your research first and then picking your topic. Aim for a certain subject and narrow it down a little as you do some research. When you come across an area that seems ripe for the picking, you can choose your topic with the sound knowledge that you will be off to a good head start.
You need to look over the research you are going to study. You need to gather your resources together so that you can correctly work through your research paper at a reasonable rate. Start with a list of ways you will do your research, and a list of resources at your disposal and start from there.
Figure your research process
Some say you should do this before your literary reviews, but your literary review helps you collect your sources, and how can you know what research process to follow if you do not know what your sources are going to be?
You may figure a good research process that involves reading a lot of journals, but whilst doing your literary review and whilst figuring your research process, you may find out that you need to conduct a bunch of interviews instead of reading a lot of journals. That is why you should nail down your research process after you have gathered your research resources and after you have done an (at least preliminary) literary review.
Justify your research method
Now you have chosen your research method you need to justify it. If they want top marks, then your justification needs to be rock solid. If you are just looking to pass, then it is a case of saying (in academic terms), âIt worked there for that guy, so I figure I will give it a go.â
Plan and budget your time
Your research is going to take up a significant amount of your time. There are few research resources that give you your answer in easy-to-read bites. Your textbooks on your subject do not have chapters with one line giving you its point or its main argument.
You are going to have to do a lot of research, and it can get in the way of the actual writing. If you plan your time, then you can regulate if you are behind on your work and you can monitor how much time you spend, and have left, to research and write your research paper.
Plan your essay
The better you plan your essay, then the easier it will be to write. Plus, there are some students that get carried away or go off-topic when they are writing their research paper. It is because the process is so long and has so much skipping from research to writing and back again that it is easy to lose track or go off-topic. Plan your essay and you can keep referring back to it to make sure you are staying on course.
Break down your time
When you plan your essay and budget your time, you need to consider how long you are going to spend doing each element of your paper. A general breakdown may look something like this: research is 80%, writing is 19% and proofreading is 1%. You could break it down further with: intro – 1%, detailing – 5%, results – 6%, discussion – 5%, conclusion – 2%.
This is going to help you focus on what is important and spend the correct amount of time on each research paper element. It is also a good thing to refer to whilst doing your essay to be sure you are staying on course and on time.
Confirm your topic and essay direction
Now you have a firm grasp of your essay and what you are writing about, and you also have a grasp of what resources to use and what they are going to say, you have a fairly firm idea of what your thesis will be and maybe you even have predictions about your results and conclusion. If that is the case, you can consider confirming your topic and essay direction.
If later on you find that your research is taking you in a different direction, or that a lot of contradictory evidence is popping up, you can change your topic, thesis and essay direction a little bit to compensate.
Write your essay and proofread
Now you can begin working your plan and doing your essay. You can work it all the way though and proofread it at the end. If you stick to your plan and your time budget, then you will be fine.